Screen Shot 2014-02-27 at 2.06.46 PM

Interesting Cases From General Surgery #2

Right now I’m chilling at a Tim Hortons in Gander, sipping on my third tea of the day. I drove a few hours so I can hang with sister, niece and mom – niece has a swim meet and so I’m going to hang out with them. Plus, it’s the weekend before my birthday so it’ll be nice to have some company.

Anyway, on to my second interesting case. This one was definitely a rare situation; I don’t think my preceptors had ever seen it before.

(There are no gross pictures here. Promise.)

A patient presented to the emergency department with a relatively sudden onset of severe abdominal pain. I was asked by my preceptor to get a history and physical, which proved to be a half-terrifying experience. I’m not yet quite used to taking histories from patients who are screaming and writhing in agony, but I dove in there and got it done to the best of my ability. Plus, it’s something I’m going to have to get good at if I want to work in the emergency department.

The details of the history aren’t important and I don’t need to share them with you, but basically the emerg doc and the ER staff were unsure whether the patient was crazy, sick, or – even worse – both. When I went in to talk to her, I didn’t get the impression that she was a nut job, but rather in a heck of a lot of pain. Granted, I’m a touch naive, but still. My gut was telling me that she was really sick.

The surgeon agreed with me, and the nature of the problem was such that the only way we could sort things out was to have a peek inside the patient’s belly.

Surgery!

IMG_2001

We started off laparoscopically, hoping that the problem could be fixed with a simple unkinking of the patient’s bowels (they had gotten a bit kinked up, it seemed). No such luck. Whatever had happened, they were too tangled to fix laparoscopically, so we had to open ‘er on up.

Now, most people probably think, “Ew, bowels? Ick.” But man, when the surgeon pulled loops of small bowel out of the patient’s open abdomen, I was in awe. Watching the small bowels do their peristalsis thing with my own eyes was one of the most amazing things I’ve ever seen. Honestly. I just stood there and gingerly touched a part of the intestine with my (sterile-gloved) finger as it contracted, and I experienced it with this gratefulness and wonderment that I didn’t expect.

The human body is just so incredible, and I feel so lucky to be on the path to becoming a physician, where I get to spend the rest of my career learning and healing and experiencing the body in all its crazy awesomeness.

Anyway, I’ll stop being sappy and philosophizing and explain what was going on with this poor lady who was in so much pain. Once we pulled out the affected loops of bowel and saw what was going on, we all totally understood why she was having such a rough go of it in the emergency room.

What had happened to her bowels was, she had  a polyp in her small bowel (which is rare enough as it is, let alone to see one in a young, healthy woman), and that had caused something called intussusception.

Now, I have a relatively fragile grasp on all these things myself, so bear with me while I try to explain. Peristalsis is is a series of contractions and relaxations in the gastrointestinal tract that propels your food and all that good stuff along so it reaches the end of the road (so to speak). Wikipedia has a good, simplified picture of it:

An animated image to show Peristalsis

An animated image to show Peristalsis (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

What happened to this patient was that the bowel tried to move her polyp along with its peristalsis, but that pesky polyp wasn’t going anywhere since it was stuck to the bowel wall. Since the polyp was of a significant size, as this peristalsis happened, the distal bowel (the part of the intestine that’s further along the tract, closer to the end) to get sucked into the proximal bowel (the part of the intestine that’s closer to the beginning of the GI tract). This is the intussusception part.

The distal bowel getting sucked into the proximal bowel (intussusception) is kind of like how parts of a telescope collapse into each other.

See how one part of the bowel (ileum) is kind of being sucked into the other part (colon)? That’s what happened. Not to the same parts of the intestine, but you get the drift.

The part of this lady’s bowel that was intussuscepted was all ischemic (lost its blood supply) and dead, which is super painful and bad news bears. I mean, if she’d been somewhere that didn’t have access to surgery – like somewhere in rural Africa or something, I don’t know – she definitely would’ve died from this relatively quickly.

We couldn’t retract the intussuscepted bowel out where it was supposed to be (usually intussusception resolves on its own and doesn’t even need an operation), so we had to resect (take out) all the affected bowel – it was only when we cut it open to have a look after the operation that we saw how dead it was.

I wish I could show you a picture of what her bowel looked like, but I don’t think it’s exactly ethical to be sharing pictures of people’s guts on the internet. So, you’re all spared.

It’s remarkable to me how well the patient did after the operation. She was in hospital for a couple of days, progressing back to a normal diet of solid food, and then she was sent home with pretty much no pain. Amazing.

So, that’s that. Last post there were two well-differentiated groups of readers: those who thought it was all gross and those who thought it was cool. I’m obviously in the cool camp. (And I’m just cool in general, too.) I hope that for you guys who enjoy this kind of stuff, it was a bit educational! Learning is fun.

About these ads

9 thoughts on “Interesting Cases From General Surgery #2

  1. Elizabeth

    I appreciate the lack of pictures this time! And even though I am super grossed out by these things, the human body is undeniably still very interesting.

    I’m glad the woman is okay! It sounds like a really crazy thing!

    Reply
    1. harveylisam Post author

      Haha you’re totally allowed to be grossed out! Interesting but often gross, for reals.

      And yeah, the surgeons had never seen anything like it before and it felt good to be part of something that legit saved a woman’s life.

      It was also really awesome to go see her a few days later and see how much better she was doing, thanks to us! And by us I obviously mean the surgeons because I did very little other than gawk haha.

      Reply
  2. Liz

    You will definitely get used to getting histories on people in pain like that. You learn to get kind of stern… Their wives will start answering questions but not have any clue how long it’s been going on and you have to explain, “I need HIM to answer the questions! The information has to come from the PATIENT!” So frustrating. I had a patient who wouldn’t answer ANYTHING from me, and all his wife would tell me was that he had esophageal problems and he was coughing and they think he ruptured something. He was actually a STEMI, but because they went on and on about things that didn’t matter and wouldn’t answer ANYTHING I asked despite me REPEATEDLY telling them that the information was very important and they needed to answer ONLY what I asked, I didn’t do his EKG immediately (it was still done within a few minutes, but it could have been done sooner). There are definitely good things about being in en ER (like patients who actually need care), but I feel like less than 75% of people need to be in the ER, which is really annoying and most ER physicians I work with wish they had gone a different route.

    Reply
    1. harveylisam Post author

      Haha yeah I’m definitely not good at being stern yet! And some patients are tough, for sure. Some of them just plain suck at giving us a history.

      Reply
  3. Amy Lauren

    I think this post and the whole story were awesome. My initial path in life was going to be in medicine but I just didn’t want to deal with all the schooling… but it’s just so fun to read about here. I know bowels and poo gross people out, but not me. Even blood isn’t so bad unless it’s MY blood, which I am quesy about. Poo is poo, and I know it’s taboo to talk about, but it happens to everyone every day (or most every day)… it’s just the way the body works and that’s fascinating.

    I’m really glad the patient was okay in the end despite the polyp. It sounds like she really needed to be in the ER, so it’s almost like you can forgive her for being so crazy when you were trying to take her history because she had a legit reason. I agree with Liz that it stinks to see people who don’t need to go to the ER going there. With all the urgent care places we have here, people can go there for most things or at least start out there (they will send you to the ER if you need to go). It’s less of a wait and lets the ER help those patients who really do need it.

    Reply
    1. harveylisam Post author

      I didn’t know you were planning on medicine! Don’t blame you for changing your mind – it’s a long, hard road.

      There are definitely lots of people in emerg who don’t need to be there, but really, there are lots of people everywhere in medicine who don’t need to be there. I guess I just need to accept that some patients overreact haha.

      Reply
  4. jenereesa

    If I were there, I’d buy you a tea! Honestly, I’m so incredibly in awe of what you do. While it’s not something that I would ever choose myself (as I basically pass out if I get a cut, bug bite, or something of the mundane like), I think it’s kick ass that YOU are doing this! My bro-in-law just had his second spine surgery and for the first time in two years is able to walk without a cane. He is 28 years old – 28 year olds should be able to feel the earth beneath them. Thank you for what you do!

    Reply

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s